MSD Manual

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Stephen J. Divers, BVetMed, DACZM, DECZM, FRCVS

Specialties and Expertise

  • Zoological medicine and surgery; Minimally invasive endoscopy and endosurgery


  • BVetMed: Royal Veterinary College, University of London

Board Certifications

  • Diplomate, American College of Zoological Medicine (ACZM)
  • Diplomate, European College of Zoological Medicine (ECZM)
  • Fellow and Recognized Specialist, Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) - Zoo and Wildlife

Select Awards, Achievements, and Publications

  • Divers SJ, Stahl SJ. Mader’s Reptile and Amphibian Medicine and Surgery. 3rd ed. Elsevier; 2016.