MSD Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

honeypot link

Anemia of Chronic Disease in Animals


Steven L. Marks

, BVSc, MS, MRCVS, DACVIM (SAIM), North Carolina State College of Veterinary Medicine;

Allison Kendall

, DVM, MS, DACVIM, North Carolina State University

Last full review/revision Sep 2019 | Content last modified Oct 2019

Anemia of chronic disease can be characterized as mild to moderate, nonregenerative, normochromic, and normocytic. It is the most common form of anemia seen in animals. The anemia can be secondary to chronic inflammation or infection, neoplasia, liver disease, hyper- or hypoadrenocorticism, or hypothyroidism. The anemia is mediated by cytokines produced by inflammatory cells, which lead to decreases in iron availability, RBC survival, and the marrow’s ability to regenerate. Treatment should be directed at the underlying disease and often results in resolution of the anemia.

For More Information

Others also read
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Test your knowledge
In all animals, congenital heart defects can cause abnormal shunting of blood. Left-to-right shunts cause blood to be recirculated through the pulmonary vessels and can result in chamber dilatation. Right-to-left shunts cause blood to bypass the pulmonary vessels and can cause cyanosis. Which of the following conditions is most likely to result in a right-to-left heart shunt?
Become a Pro at using our website 

Also of Interest

Become a Pro at using our website