MSD Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

honeypot link

Emphysema in Cats


Laurent L. Couetil

, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Large Animal), Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine

Last full review/revision Aug 2018 | Content last modified Aug 2018

Emphysema is an important disease in humans; however, in other animals it typically occurs as a result of another lung disease. The condition leads to difficulty in expelling air from the lungs, making breathing more difficult. Two major forms of emphysema are generally recognized. Alveolar emphysema is abnormal permanent enlargement and destruction of the alveoli, which are small air sacs deep in the lungs. Interstitial emphysema is the presence of air within the supporting connective tissue of the lung. Chronic obstructive pulmonary (lung) disease (COPD) can cause air to get trapped in the alveoli, causing enlargement and destruction of air spaces.

Signs vary depending on the cause of disease. The most common sign is labored breathing. Emphysema is permanent lung damage, so treatment is directed at the disease that caused it. Treatments, such as bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs, can significantly improve breathing ability and other respiratory signs.

Others also read
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Test your knowledge
Anemia may be regenerative, indicating the bone marrow is responding and attempting to replace red blood cells (RBCs), or nonregenerative, in which the bone marrow response is not able to meet the increased need for RBCs. Which of the following CBC findings is consistent with nonregenerative anemia? 
Become a Pro at using our website 

Also of Interest

Become a Pro at using our website