MSD Manual

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Suggested Spermiogram Values for Breeding Boars

Suggested Spermiogram Values for Breeding Boars

Parameter

Natural Service

Artificial Insemination

Ejaculate volume

≥80–150 mL for sperm-rich fraction and ≥200–400 mL for whole ejaculate

Color

Opaque to white (vulvar discharge)

Opaque to white

Total sperm numbers

>35 × 109 sperm/ejaculate

>35–100 × 109 sperm/ejaculate

Concentration

200–500 sperm × 106/mL depending on ejaculate volume collected

Sample motility

>60%

>70%–90%

Abnormal morphology (including cytoplasmic droplets)

<25%

<20%–25%

Cytoplasmic droplets (both proximal and distal)

<15%

<15%–20%