MSD Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

honeypot link

Overview of Brucellosis in Large Animals


Paul Nicoletti

, DVM, MS, DACVPM (Deceased), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida

Last full review/revision Jul 2013 | Content last modified Jun 2016

Brucellosis is caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella and is characterized by abortion, retained placenta, and to a lesser extent, orchitis and infection of the accessory sex glands in males. The disease is prevalent in most countries of the world. It primarily affects cattle, buffalo, bison, pigs, sheep, goats, dogs ( see Brucellosis in Dogs Brucellosis in Dogs ), elk, and occasionally horses. The disease in people, sometimes referred to as undulant fever, is a serious public health problem, especially when caused by B melitensis.

quiz link

Test your knowledge

Take a Quiz!