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Overview of the Parathyroid Glands and Disorders of Calcium Metabolism

By

Mark E. Peterson

, DVM, DACVIM, Animal Endocrine Clinic

Last full review/revision Jul 2013 | Content last modified Jun 2016

The physiology and disorders of calcium and phosphate metabolism, the function of vitamin D (which acts more like a hormone than a vitamin), and the formation of bone are all tied together in a common system along with two other regulatory hormones—parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin. Therefore, PTH, calcitonin, and vitamin D are discussed in this chapter together with the associated disorders of calcium homeostasis.

Because aberrant calcium and phosphorus metabolism is reflected in the skeletal system, specific syndromes are presented in that section. (Also see Dystrophies Associated with Calcium, Phosphorus, and Vitamin D Dystrophies Associated with Calcium, Phosphorus, and Vitamin D read more .)

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Disorders of Calcium Metabolism
Calcium, in its ionic form, plays a key role in the function of many body systems. Precise control of calcium ion concentrations in extracellular fluids is regulated by several hormones. Which of the following is NOT involved in calcium homeostasis?
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