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The Nervous System of Horses

By

Thomas Schubert

, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP, Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida

Last full review/revision May 2019 | Content last modified Jun 2019

The nervous system is made up of the brain, spinal cord, and several kinds of nerves that are found throughout the body. These create complex circuits through which animals experience and respond to sensations.

A familiar type of nervous system circuit is a reflex. Reflexes are simple networks found in the nervous system of all animals. For example, when the eyelid is touched, it closes; when the toe is pinched, the foot pulls away “automatically.”

Many different types of diseases can affect the nervous system, including birth defects, infections, inflammatory conditions, poisoning, metabolic disorders, nutritional disorders, injuries, degenerative diseases, or cancer. Neurologic diseases are often more common in a particular breed or sex, or tend to occur at a certain age.

For More Information

Also see professional content regarding the nervous system Nervous System Introduction read more .

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Colic in Horses
Colic is a simple term meaning abdominal pain. There are many causes of colic in horses, with treatments ranging from administration of pain medication to abdominal surgery. Signs of colic are variable and do not indicate which part of the gastrointestinal tract is involved. Which of the following clinical signs is easily recognized as a common sign of colic? 
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