The major uterine diseases affecting production animals species are metritis Metritis in Production Animals In cows, metritis is a common polymicrobial disease, especially within the first 2 weeks after parturition. Acute puerperal metritis refers to a severe postpartum uterine infection that results... read more , endometritis Endometritis in Production Animals Endometritis is defined as an inflammatory disease that affects the endometrium, leading to accumulation of purulent contents or sometimes just polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs). In cows, the disease... read more , and pyometra Pyometra in Production Animals Pyometra is characterized by the accumulation of purulent or mucopurulent exudate in the uterus. In cows, it is invariably accompanied by the persistence of an active corpus luteum and interruption... read more . The etiopathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of these diseases vary considerably across species, and each needs to be understood and managed in a disease-specific and species-specific manner. Other uterine disease of production animals include retained fetal membranes Retained Fetal Membranes in Large Animals (Retained Placenta) and uterine prolapse Uterine Prolapse and Eversion in Animals To facilitate replacement of the prolapsed uterus in a recumbent cow, the cow should be placed in sternal recumbency with the hindlimbs extended caudally. Uterine prolapse in a cow immediately... read more .