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Houseplants and Ornamentals

By

Cecil F. Brownie

, DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABFE, DABFM, FACFEI, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University

Last full review/revision Jul 2015 | Content last modified Aug 2015
Topic Resources




Plants are an important part of the decor of homes; pets having access to these plants often chew on or ingest them, with toxicity a possible outcome (see Table: Poisonous Houseplants and Ornamentals a Poisonous Houseplants and Ornamentals a Plants are an important part of the decor of homes; pets having access to these plants often chew on or ingest them, with toxicity a possible outcome (see Table: Poisonous Houseplants and Ornamentals... read more ). Inquiries to poison control centers on plants ingested by children <5 yr old are estimated at 5%–10% of all inquiries. Similar estimates (although not documented) could be made for pets.

Little research has been done on the toxicity of houseplants. Most are hybrids, and selecting for growth outside their natural environment could affect their degree of toxicity. Age of the pet, boredom, and changes in the surroundings are factors that may affect the incidence of poisoning. Puppies and kittens are very inquisitive, and mouth or chew almost any and everything. Pets (especially single household pets) of all ages may become bored or restless if left alone or confined for too long at any one time, and chewing on objects for relief is common. Pets of all ages also explore changes in their environment (eg, pets commonly chew the leaves or ripe berries of potentially poisonous plants placed in the home during holidays).

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Food Hazards
Consumption of the fruit, seed, stem, or leaves of avocados can cause toxicity in animals. Ingestion of sufficient quantities of avocado fruit is most likely to cause myocardial necrosis in which of the following species?
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