Epiglottic entrapment is an uncommon cause of respiratory noise and exercise intolerance. The epiglottis is a flap of tissue that, in normal situations, functions something like a “trap door” to keep food from entering the trachea and airways while the animal is swallowing. In this disease, the epiglottis is partially trapped by other tissues and cannot move normally. Signs of epiglottic entrapment include respiratory noise during exercise and poor exercise performance. Less common signs include cough, nasal discharge, and headshaking. Diagnosis is determined by endoscopic examination. The condition can be corrected by surgery to free the epiglottis and allow it to move normally. This procedure generally cures the condition and has a relapse rate of only 5%.
Also see professional content regarding epiglottic entrapment in horses Epiglottic Entrapment in Horses Epiglottic entrapment is a less common cause of respiratory noise and exercise intolerance. In this condition, the aryepiglottic fold completely envelops the apex and lateral margins of the... read more .