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Metabolizes fats, carbohydrates, and proteins
Metabolizes drugs (inactivates or makes it easier for the body to excrete them)
Stores, metabolizes, and activates vitamins
Stores minerals, glycogen, and triglycerides
Manufactures proteins needed for various body functions, such as blood clotting
Produces bile acids needed for digestion
Detoxifies harmful products manufactured within the body (such as ammonia) or consumed by the animal (such as poisons)
Influences immune responses
Helps develop blood cells (extramedullary hematopoiesis)