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A review of research on methods to control predation on livestock found that few studies have critically evaluated the effectiveness of efforts to reduce predation. This is particularly true of lethal control methods. The authors suggest new research emphasize comparisons between interventions and control groups to provide evidence of how well the methods work.
More information on the study is available at the Sacramento Bee. The original review of carnivore predation on livestock can be read in PLOS Biology.More information on managing livestock on rangelands is available in the MSD Veterinary Manual.