MSD Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

honeypot link

Health and the Human-Animal Bond


Lynette A. Hart

, PhD, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California;

Mariko Yamamoto

, PhD, Teikyo University of Science

Last full review/revision Nov 2019 | Content last modified Dec 2019

Dogs, cats, and other pets have become an integral part of our everyday lives, they are commonly considered to be family members, and the human-animal bond has become a household term.

Not only has pet ownership become more common, but many pet owners have more than one pet. As a result, there are now many specialty veterinarians, such as those serving only cat owners, owners of exotic pets, or those with more family-oriented practices.

Many studies have shown that there are health benefits for owners who develop close bonds with a pet. Pet owners have fewer minor health problems, lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and better psychological well-being than people who do not have a pet. And pets appear to fill many of the same support functions as humans do for both adults and children. Animals are known to play a central, influential role in children’s lives. Studies have reported that pet-owning preteens are more independent and have higher self-esteem.

Companion animals have also benefited from their closer association with people. In the past few decades, drugs and vaccines have been developed specifically for animals that have eliminated many of the infectious diseases that can shorten pets’ lives. Surveys have shown that a pet’s good health is a priority for many owners, and that they are willing to pay for both preventive care (such as vaccinations) and for advanced veterinary treatment for their companion animals.

With the greater esteem of companion animals in the household and in society, there has also come a greater emphasis on the animals’ lifelong health. Albert Schweitzer’s concept of “reverence for life” has become a standard for decision-making concerning animals for many people.

For More Information

Others also read
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID

Test your knowledge

Fluid Therapy in Animals
Abnormalities of circulation can be due to a number of causes and may result in circulatory shock, an emergency situation. All types of circulatory shock respond to administration of fluid therapy to some extent, but some types require additional medications. Which type of circulatory shock is most readily handled with fluid therapy alone?
Become a Pro at using our website 

Also of Interest

Become a Pro at using our website