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Pityriasis Rosea in Pigs

Porcine Juvenile Pustular Psoriaform Dermatitis

By

Peter R. Davies

, BVSc, PhD, University of Minnesota

Last full review/revision Aug 2021 | Content last modified Aug 2021
Topic Resources

Pityriasis rosea (pustular psoriaform dermatitis) is a sporadic disease of unknown etiology of pigs, usually 8–14 weeks of age, but occasionally as young as 2 weeks and very rarely in pigs as old as 10 months. One or more pigs in a litter may be affected.

Pityriasis Rosea in Pigs

Clinical signs due to pityriasis rosea are typically mild, but transient anorexia and diarrhea have been reported. The initial skin lesions are characterized by small erythematous papules, which rapidly expand to form a ring (collarette) with distinct raised and reddened borders. The lesions enlarge at their periphery, and adjacent lesions may coalesce. The center of the lesion is flat and covered with a bran-like scale overlaying normal skin. The lesions occur predominantly on the ventral abdomen and inner thighs; however, they occasionally may occur over the back, neck, and legs. Characteristically, there is no pruritus, and recovery is spontaneous in 6–8 weeks. Treatment is generally considered unnecessary.

The disease is considered to be partially hereditary, with pigs of the Landrace breed most commonly affected; however, the mode of inheritance is uncertain. The disease does not resemble pityriasis rosea in humans clinically or pathologically.

Lesions appear to be more extensive in pigs reared in high stocking densities with high ambient temperatures and high humidity. Under these conditions, secondary bacterial infection (eg, Staphylococcus hyicus) is common. Treatment is of little value and does not affect the course of the disease; however, treatment aimed at controlling secondary infections may be warranted.

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